10 National Park in Sumatra Island

 10 National Park in Sumatra Island


1. BATANG GADIS NATIONAL PARK

Batang Gadis National Park (TNBG) the National park in Mandailing Natal District (Madina), North Sumatra and is administratively surrounded by 68 villages in 13 sub-districts in Mandailing Natal District. The name of this National park comes from the name of the main river that flows and divides Madina District, Batang Gadis River. This establishment is also very important given that the rate of destruction of natural forests in the province is already at a very poor level. Based on data from the Ministry of Forestry in 2003, forest destruction in the region reached 3.8 million ha per year. Forest destruction in North Sumatra alone reached 76 thousand ha per year in the period 1985 - 1998.

 2. BERBAK NATIONAL PARK

Berbak National Park is a natural conservation area for the conservation of the largest swamp forests in Southeast Asia that have not been touched by human exploitation. Its uniqueness is an interesting mix of peat swamp forest and freshwater swamp forest that stretches across the eastern coast of Sumatra. Berbak National Park with an area of ​​142,750 hectares is a natural conservation area for the conservation of the largest swamp forests in Southeast Asia that has not been touched by human exploitation. Its uniqueness is an exciting mix of freshwater swamp forest and peat swamp forest that stretches across the eastern coast of Sumatra Island and Berbak National Park is part of the 238,000 hectares of Berbak Forest for Berbak Forest.


3. BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN NATIONAL PARK

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a national park aimed at protecting the tropical rainforests of Sumatra island along with its own biological riches. UNESCO made the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park a World Heritage . Bukit Barisan Selatan was declared a Wildlife Reserve Reserve in 1935 and became a National Park in 1982. Initially the size of the park was 356,800 hectares. But the current park area calculated using GIS is approximately 324,000 Ha.



4. BUKIT DUA BELAS NATIONAL PARK
Is Bukit Duabelas National Park in Jambi Province, is a forest that is home to Orang Rimba or better known as the Tribe Children In Jambi. Bukit Duabelas National Park is located in three districts of Sarolangun Bangko, Bungo Tebo District, and Batanghari Regency of Jambi Province. It has a relatively small area among other national parks but its adventure is more than the wishes of explorers. Bukit Duabelas National Park has an area of ​​60,500 hectares and is located at an altitude of 50 - 400 meters above sea level. Bukit Duabelas National Park is a lowland tropical rain forest area. The topography varies from lowland, bumpy, to hilly. The northern part of this region is primary forest and the remainder is deforested due to illegal logging by some companies wishing to make this forest a production forest. However, now this remnant region has started to experience reforestation and its function is restored as a tropical rainforest. In fact, now this forest is also a granary for the province of Jambi.



5. BUKIT TIGA PULUH NATIONAL PARK
Bukit Tigapulah National Park (also called Bukit Tigapulah) is a national park located in Riau and Jambi provinces. This 143,143 hectare park consists of tropical rain forests and is known as the last place for endangered species such as Sumatran orangutans, Sumatran tigers, Sumatran elephants, Sumatran rhinos, Asian tapirs, sun bears and endangered species of birds. Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park is also home to Orang Rimba and Talang Mamak. Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park is now under serious threat from illegal logging and palm oil planting.


6. KERINCI SEBLAT NATIONAL PARK

Kerinci Seblat National Park is the largest national park in Sumatra, Indonesia which has an area of ​​13,750 km ² and extends to four provinces of West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. This national park consists of Bukit Barisan Mountains which have the highest terrain in Sumatra, Mount Kerinci (3,805 m). This national park also consists of hot springs, streams, caves, waterfalls and the highest caldera lake in Southeast Asia, This national park also has a variety of flora and fauna. Approximately 4,000 plant species grow in the national park area including the largest flower in the world raflesia arnoldii, Fauna in the national park area consists of Sumatran tiger, Sumatran rhino, Sumatran elephant, sun bear, and about 370 species of birds. The acceptance of Tropical Rainforest Heritage to the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO, making Kerinci Seblat National Park also accepted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with Gunung Leuser National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park


7. GUNUNG LEUSER NATIONAL PARK

Gunung Leuser National Park commonly abbreviated as TNGL is one of Nature Conservation Area in Indonesia of 1.094.692 Hectares which is administratively located in two provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra. PNGL delegated provinces include Aceh Barat Daya district, South Aceh, Aceh Singkil, Southeast Aceh, Gayo Lues, Aceh Tamiang, while the Province of North Sumatra which delineated TNGL covers Dairi, Karo and Langkat districts.This national park takes its name from the towering Mount Leuser with a height of 3404 meters above sea level in Aceh. This national park includes native ecosystems from beaches to high mountains covered by dense rainforest typical of tropical rain, managed by a zoning system utilized for research, science, education, cultivation, tourism and recreation purposes.

8. SIBERUT NATIONAL PARK

Siberut National Park is located on Siberut Island, Mentawai Islands District, West Sumatra. National Park with an area of ​​190,500 hectares is determined through the Decree of the Minister of Forestry No. 407 / Kpts-II / 1993. Previously 1981 the island was designated as a biosphere reserve through the UNESCO Man and Biosphere project. The rain forest that is part of the Siberut TN covers almost 65% of Siberut Island. This forest is a palace for the life of flora and fauna by providing food and residential sources and this forest also serves as a supporter of traditional life of Mentawai people especially as tradiosonal medicines.

9. TESSO NILLO NATIONAL PARK

This National Park is located in Riau province, Indonesia. This national park was inaugurated on July 19, 2004 and has an area of ​​38,576 hectares. There are 360 ​​species of flora belonging to 165 genera and 57 tribes, 107 species of birds, 23 species of mammals, three primates, 50 species, 15 species of reptiles and 18 species of amphibians in every hectare of Tesso Nilo National Park. Tesso Nillo is also one of the remaining lowland forest that houses 60-80 elephants and is an elephant conservation area.



10.WAY KAMBAS NATIONAL PARK

The National Park is located at the southern tip of Sumatra or 110 km from Bandar Lampung. TNWK is one of the first and oldest National Parks in Indonesia. The park occupies 1,300 sq km of coastal lowland forest around the Way Kambas River on the east coast of Lampung Province  Way Kambas National Park is a national park of elephant protection located in the area of ​​Lampung precisely in subdistrict labuhan ratu lampung east, Indonesia. In addition to Way Kambas, elephant school (Elephant Training Center) can also be found in Minas, Riau. Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) that live in this region are decreasing in number. Way Kambas National Park was established in 1985 as the first elephant school in Indonesia. Way Kambas founded by the Dutch government in 1937 is still preserved as a National Park and here it is believed there are about 200 Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranensis) living inside the National Park.

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